Structure and Physiology
This bacteria is a Gram-negative diplococci.
Transmission and Disease
Neisseria gonorrhoeae is the causative agent of the sexually transmitted infection gonorrhea. This bacteria is capable of transformation and conjugation to spread genes and mutations. This makes it difficult for the immune system to recognize and an area of interest in medical research due to rising antibiotic resistance.
Because of its common association with human illness and clinical significance, N. gonorrhoeae is frequently chosen as an organism of interest in the realm of disinfection and sanitization.
Gonococci have pili that allow them to attach to human epithelial cells and have a role in the virulence of N. gonorrhoeae.
- Punsalang, Amado P., and William D. Sawyer. "Role of pili in the virulence of Neisseria gonorrhoeae." Infection and immunity 8.2 (1973): 255-263.