STRUCTURE AND PHYSIOLOGY
Porphyromonas gingivalis is a Gram-negative, rod-shaped, non-motile bacterium found in the human oral cavity. It is able to bind to host cells as well as with other bacteria to form a biofilm.
TRANSMISSION AND DISEASE
P. gingivalis secretes various potential virulence factors such as proteins that cause damage to tissues and impair the host immune response. This microbe is a major cause of chronic periodontitis in the oral cavity. It has also been associated with respiratory, gastrointestinal, and genital infections and is even linked to Alzheimer’s disease and rheumatoid arthritis.
P. gingivalis is resistant to many antibiotics.
P. gingivalis most known as a common cause of periodontal diseases, but it also can cause bacterial vaginosis.
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