Aerosol-Transmitted

Dekkera bruxellensis

STRUCTURE AND PHYSIOLOGY Dekkera bruxellensis is a facultative anaerobe with a low growth rate. Cream-colored, dull and rough looking colonies have been observed on malt extract agar. TRANSMISSION AND DISEASE Dekkera bruxellensis is often spread through wine production facilities by contaminated equipment or by fruit flies. Dekkera bruxellensis occurs in fermented foods....

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Mycobacterium chimera

STRUCTURE AND PHYSIOLOGY Mycobacterium chimera is classified as a non-tuberculosis Mycobacterium that is a member of the Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC). As a member of MAC, Mycobacterium chimera is characterized as gram-positive, non-motile, and acid-fast-positive bacteria. TRANSMISSION AND DISEASE Mycobacterium chimera is an opportunistic pathogen responsible for respiratory infection mainly in immunocompromised...

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Streptococcus pyogenes

Streptococcus pyogenes

Structure and PhysiologyStreptococcus pyogenes is a Gram-positive, spherical, and facultative anaerobic bacterium. Similar in cellular morphology to Staphylococcus species, this species of bacteria grows in long chains versus the grape-like clusters observed as Staphylococcus. Known as the flesh eating bacteria, S. pyogenes is the most pathogenic bacterium in the...

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Bordetella pertussis

Bordetella pertussis

Structure and Physiology This bacterium is a Gram-negative, non-motile, coccobacillus aerobe. Transmission and Disease B. pertussis is the organism responsible for whooping cough and is transmitted via airborne droplets contaminated with the organism, such as those produced by the act of coughing itself.  Once adhered to the surface of the thoat, B. pertussis releases a...

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M. bovis

Mycobacterium bovis BCG

Structure and Physiology This bacterium is a rod shaped, slow growing, aerobic bacterium. As this microbe is acid-fast, staining is done using the Ziehl-Neelson stain rather than gram staining.  Transmission and Disease Mycobacterium bovis BCG is the causative agent of tuberculosis in cattle and a close relative (>99.95% identical at the nucleotide...

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